Uptake and processing of a Vibrio anguillarum bacterin in Artemia franciscana measured by ELISA and immunohistochemistry

TitleUptake and processing of a Vibrio anguillarum bacterin in Artemia franciscana measured by ELISA and immunohistochemistry
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsBergh, Ø, Vikanes L, Makridis P, Skjermo J, Knappskog D, Rødseth OM
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume11
Issue1
Pages15 - 22
KeywordsArtemia franciscana, Bacterin, Immunohistochemistry
Abstract

Nauplii of Artemia franciscana were incubated in two different concentrations (undiluted and 1:9 in autoclaved sea water) of a divalent bacterin composed of two different serovars of Vibrio anguillarum. In order to investigate uptake and further processing of a bacterin in the live feed organism A. franciscana, immunohistochemistry was applied, visualising the presence of whole bacterial cells and antigens from the bacterin in individual nauplii. By using ELISA, it was shown that approximately 1·5-2·5×105cells were incorporated into each Artemia under the conditions used. Maximum incorporation of cells was measured after 30min, whereas after 60min there was a decline to levels of 0·9-1·6×105cells per Artemia. Immediately after incubation in the bacterin solution, the nauplii were transferred to a culture of the alga Isochrysis galbana, in order to simulate transfer of the nauplii to rearing tanks for fish larvae. From the ELISA, it could be concluded that the incorporated bacterial cells were excreted from the Artemia nauplii rapidly, however a large variation among different nauplii could be visualised by immunohistochemistry. © 2001 Academic Press.

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