Phylogeny and biogeography of the family Cyprinidae in the Middle East inferred from cytochrome b DNA- evolutionary significance of this region

TitlePhylogeny and biogeography of the family Cyprinidae in the Middle East inferred from cytochrome b DNA- evolutionary significance of this region
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsDurand, JD, Tsigenopoulos CS, Unlu E, Berrebi P
JournalMol Phylogenet Evol
Volume22
Pages91-100
KeywordsAnimals, Cyprinidae/classification/*genetics, Cytochrome b Group/*genetics, DNA, Mitochondrial/*genetics, Evolution, Molecular, Middle East, Phylogeny, Variation (Genetics)
Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of cyprinid species from the Middle East and neighboring biogeographical areas were investigated using cytochrome b sequence variation in order to test hypotheses that consider the Middle Eastern area as an important interchange area or a center of speciation for the freshwater fauna. A total of 62 cyprinid species were analyzed over the complete cytochrome b fragment (1140 bp); 28 belong to the Leuciscinae subfamily and 34 to the Cyprininae. All the Leuciscinae lineage fish recorded in the Middle East are also found in Europe, which was interpreted as an important Palearctic influence in the Middle Eastern ichthyofauna consistent with the Lago Mare dispersion. However, it has also been suggested that several Danube species have their origins in the Middle East. In contrast, the Cyprininae subfamily showed three highly divergent lineages, one shared with the Euro-Mediterranean area (Barbus/Luciobarbus genus) relict of the Lago Mare dispersion, one shared with Africa (Carasobarbus/Varicorhinus subgenus), and the third shared with Asia (Garra genus). Furthermore, clades observed in the phylogenetic reconstructions are not consistent with morphometric or karyological data and disagree with previous taxonomic assumptions. Lastly, the dispersion history in the Middle East of this subfamily appears much more complicated and ancient than that of the Leuciscinae. However, taking into account Cyprininae and Leuciscinae distribution, the Middle East appears more like an important interchange area for the freshwater ichtyofauna than a center of speciation.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11796032

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