Pharmacokinetics of oxolinic acid in gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L.

TitlePharmacokinetics of oxolinic acid in gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsRigos, G, Alexis M, Tyrpenou AE, Nengas I, Piper I, Troisi G
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Volume25
Issue7
Pages401 - 408
KeywordsOxolinic acid, Pharmacokinetics, Sparus aurata
Abstract

This is the first study on the pharmacokinetic parameters of oxolinic acid (OA) in gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata L. The kinetic profile of OA was studied after a single intravascular injection (20 mg kg-1) in 100 g fish at 20°C. The distribution half-life (t1/2α) and the elimination half-life (t1/2β) of the drug were found to be short (0.51 and 12.60 h, respectively). The drug penetration from the plasma to the tissues was adequate as the apparent volume of distribution of the drug at steady-state (Vd(ss)) was found to be 2.11 L kg-1. The mean residence time (MRT) of OA was short (14.25 h) and the total clearance rate (ClT) of the drug was low (0.15 L kg-1 h-1). The bioavailability (F%) of OA following oral administration (30 mg kg-1) was also low (14%). Maximum values were observed for muscle at 0.5 h after injection, with levels declining as with subsequent sampling. At the first two time points (0.5 and 1 h) plasma levels of OA were higher than muscle, however, the reverse was evident for subsequent samples. Following oral administration, highest musde levels were found at 16 h and, with the exception of the 24-h sampling, musde OA concentrations were higher than plasma at all time points. The fast elimination of OA suggests short withdrawal times with reference to human consumption of treated fish.

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