Osteological development of the vertebral column and of the fins in Diplodus sargus (Teleostei: Perciformes: Sparidae)

TitleOsteological development of the vertebral column and of the fins in Diplodus sargus (Teleostei: Perciformes: Sparidae)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsKoumoundouros, G, Sfakianakis D, Maingot E, Divanach P, Kentouri M
JournalMarine Biology
Volume139
Issue5
Pages853 - 862
Abstract

The osteological development of vertebral column and fins in white sea bream, Diplodus sargus (Linnaeus, 1758) was studied. Vertebral ontogeny started at 5.7 mm total length (TL, post-fixation), with the formation of the first cartilaginous neural and haemal arches, and was completed by the full attainment of dorsal ribs (20.8 mm TL). The formation of vertebral centra occurred between 7.3 and 9.4 mm TL, but was fully completed only after the development of post- and pre-zygapophyses (26.0 mm TL). Pectoral supports were the first fin elements that started to develop (3.8 mm TL), followed by those of the caudal fin (5.2 mm TL), dorsal and anal fins (6.7 mm TL), and then by those of the pelvic fin (9.5 mm TL). The caudal fin of D. sargus was the first to develop fin rays and attain the full count of lepidotrichia (5.6-7.8 mm TL), but the last to attain the full count of dermatotrichia (7.9-16.0 mm TL). The next fins starting to present rays were the pectoral (6.5 mm TL) and the dorsal and anal fins (7.5 mm TL), while the pelvic fins were the last (11.5 mm TL). Following the caudal lepidotrichia (7.8 mm TL), the anal (10.5 mm TL), dorsal (12.0 mm TL), pectoral (11.4 mm TL) and pelvic fins (12.5 mm TL) were the next with fully completed ray counts. Finally, fin meristics were fully developed with the caudal dermatotrichia. The results are discussed in comparison with the fin and vertebral ontogeny of other teleosts.

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