Ontogeny of the shi drum Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758), a candidate new species for aquaculture

TitleOntogeny of the shi drum Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758), a candidate new species for aquaculture
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsKoumoundouros, G, Kouttouki S, Georgakopoulou E, Papadakis I, Maingot E, Kaspiris P, Kiriakou Y, Georgiou G, Divanach P, Kentouri M, Mylonas CC
JournalAquaculture Research
Volume36
Issue13
Pages1265 - 1272
KeywordsLarvae, Meristics, Morphology, Ontogeny, Umbrina cirrosa
Abstract

The ontogeny of shi drum Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758), a candidate new species for aquaculture, was studied throughout the entire larval phase. Geometric morphometric analysis revealed two clear inflection points (7.0 and 12.7 mm total length, TL) in the shape ontogeny of this species, separating the studied period into three phases of different allometric priorities. Spline graphs demonstrated that the major non-uniform shape ontogeny correlated with the development of the fins, the anterior dorsal area of the body, the caudal peduncle, the eye and the mouth. Concerning the morphological features, shi drum larvae are characterized by an upward anterior bending of the notochord. The ontogeny of the fins began with the formation of the pectoral buds (2.9 mm TL), continued with the notochord flexion (4.3 mm TL, associated with the caudal fin development), the appearance of the pelvic buds, the first anal rays (4.5 mm TL) and the first dorsal rays (4.8 mm TL). Shi drum juveniles presented 25 vertebrae and the following dominant fin types: D XI,23, AII,6,VI,5, P17 and C17. © 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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