Molecular phylogeny of north Mediterranean freshwater barbs (genus Barbus: Cyprinidae) inferred from cytochrome b sequences: Biogeographic and systematic implications

TitleMolecular phylogeny of north Mediterranean freshwater barbs (genus Barbus: Cyprinidae) inferred from cytochrome b sequences: Biogeographic and systematic implications
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsTsigenopoulos, CS, Berrebi P
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume14
Issue2
Pages165 - 179
KeywordsBarbus, biogeography, Cyprinidae, Cytochrome b
Abstract

We investigated phylogenetic relationships among north Mediterranean species of the genus Barbus using sequences of the cytochrome b gene. Our results indicate that the species belong to two major clades that are consistent with those previously defined from morphological features. The first clade includes species ranging from France to the Black Sea. In this clade, there is a well-supported monophyletic group of large-sized fluvio-lacustrine barbs; however, the monophyly of the small-sized rheophilic species is not clear. The second clade comprises species found in Spain, Greece, and Asia Minor and probably represents the oldest group present in the north Mediterranean rivers. In general, there is good concordance between geography and phylogenetic relationships. These results are compared to those from previous morphological- and allozyme-based studies and demonstrate widespread discordance and polyphyly in the traditional taxonomy of the genus Barbus. This study is one of the first reporting the phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of a genus that is widely distributed in European rivers and contains species that are a major component of the European ichthyofauna. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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