Metals in benthic macrofauna and biogeochemical factors affecting their trophic transfer to wild fish around fish farm cages

TitleMetals in benthic macrofauna and biogeochemical factors affecting their trophic transfer to wild fish around fish farm cages
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKalantzi, I, Papageorgiou N, Sevastou K, Black KD, Pergantis SA, Karakassis I
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume470-471
Pages742 - 753
KeywordsFunctional traits, Geochemistry, Macrofauna, Metals, Tolerance, Trophic chain
Abstract

Benthic macroinvertebrates and wild fish aggregating in the vicinity of four Mediterranean fish farms were sampled. Concentrations of metals and other elements were measured in macrofaunal taxa and in fish tissues (muscle, liver, gills, bone, gonad, stomach, intestine, and stomach content). Biological and geochemical characteristics play an important role in metal accumulation in benthic invertebrates, and consequently in metal transfer to higher trophic levels. Macroinvertebrates accumulated lower concentrations of most metals and elements than their respective sediment, except As, P, Na, Zn and Cd. Elemental concentrations of benthic organisms increased with increasing sediment metal content, except Cd, and with % silt, refractory organic matter and chlorophyll-a of sediment due to the influence of sediment geochemistry on metal bioavailability. Tolerant species were found to accumulate higher concentrations of most metals and elements, except for Cd, than equilibrium species. The ecological and morphological characteristics of the benthic invertebrates can affect the bioaccumulation of metals and elements in macrobenthos. Hg and P were found to increase their concentrations from zoobenthos to wild fish aggregating around fish cages feeding on macrofauna. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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