Mesocosm: A reliable technology for larval rearing of Diplodus puntazzo and Diplodus sargus sargus

TitleMesocosm: A reliable technology for larval rearing of Diplodus puntazzo and Diplodus sargus sargus
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsPapandroulakis, N, Kentouri M, Maingot E, Divanach P
JournalAquaculture International
Volume12
Issue4-5
Pages345 - 355
KeywordsDiplodus puntazzo, Diplodus sargus sargus, Larval rearing, Mesocosm, Production technology
Abstract

Species diversification is today considered as a major issue for the sustainable development of the Mediterranean aquaculture. For successful propagation of any species however, larval rearing is considered a bottleneck and therefore the development of appropriate tools is essential. Mesocosm is a semi-intensive technology that facilitates larval rearing of several species integrating principles of both intensive and extensive aquaculture, which solves biological problems and many of their technical, human and economical consequences. The extensive (and now even the semi-extensive) strategy is used in the most critical segments of the rearing process during the early developmental stages, when larvae are still extremely weak, sensitive to intensive environment, easily stressed and difficult to feed. The intensive strategy is used as soon as larvae are considered mature enough to be reared easily using classical methods. The technology was used for the rearing of two species, with potential for aquaculture, the sharpsnout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo) and the white seabream (Diplodus sargus sargus). Three groups of each species were monitored for a period of 50-70 days post hatching. Survival for both species was about 54% at the end of the trials. Sharpsnout seabream larvae reached 19.6 ± 0.9 mm total length and 107.2±31.9mg body weight 50 days post hatching. White seabream larvae 60 days post hatching reached 32.7 ± 2.7 mm total length and 450±70mg body weight. In order to verify the economical viability of the technology, the individual production cost for each species was estimated and reached €0.027 for white seabream and €0.043 for sharpsnout seabream. Results indicate the reliability of the technology for the larval rearing of the two species. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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