Influence of acclimation temperature on the osmotic regulation and survival of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) rapidly transferred from fresh water to sea water

TitleInfluence of acclimation temperature on the osmotic regulation and survival of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) rapidly transferred from fresh water to sea water
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1984
AuthorsAlexis, MN, Papaparaskeva-Papoutsoglou E, Papoutsoglou S
JournalAquaculture
Volume40
Issue4
Pages333 - 341
Abstract

Certain physiological responses of two groups of rainbow trout acclimated at 10 and 17°C to a sudden change in salinity were investigated in order to determine the most appropriate temperature for direct transfer in salt water. Plasma osmolarities of fish acclimated at 17°C increased at a much faster rate following transfer and approached a much higher value than that reached by the fish acclimated at 10°C. The same was apparent for body tissue dehydration. Haematocrit values, the number of red blood cells, as well as red cell volume showed no significant difference between the two groups of fish for most of the experimental period. The larger increases in plasma osmotic pressure and tissue dehydration observed at 17°C are discussed in connection with the physiological adjustments accompanying higher temperature acclimation. © 1984.

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