Genome organization of glutamine synthetase genes in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

TitleGenome organization of glutamine synthetase genes in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsGharbi, K, Murray BW, Moghadam HK, Ferguson MM, Wright PA, Danzmann RG
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
Volume116
Issue1-2
Pages113 - 115
Abstract

Unlike mammals, bony fish appear to possess multiple genes encoding glutamine synthetase (GS), the nitrogen metabolism enzyme responsible for the conversion of glutamate and ammonia into glutamine at the expense of ATP. This study reports on the development of genetic markers for each of the four isoforms identified thus far in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and their genome localization by linkage mapping. We found that genes coding for GS01, GS02, GS03, and GS04 map to four different linkage groups in the trout genome, namely RT-24, RT-23, RT-08, and RT-13, respectively. Linkage groups RT-23 and RT-13 appear to represent distinct chromosomes sharing duplicated marker regions, which lends further support to the previous suggestion that GS02 and GS04 may be duplicate gene copies that evolved from a whole-genome duplication in the trout ancestor. In contrast, there is at present no further evidence that RT-24 and RT-08 share ancestrally homologous segments and additional genomic studies will be needed to clarify the evolutionary origin of genes coding for GS01 and GS03. Copyright © 2007 S. Karger AG.

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