Gas-particle concentrations and distribution of aliphatic hydrocarbons, PAHs, PCBs and PCDD/Fs in the atmosphere of Athens (Greece)

TitleGas-particle concentrations and distribution of aliphatic hydrocarbons, PAHs, PCBs and PCDD/Fs in the atmosphere of Athens (Greece)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsMandalakis, M, Tsapakis M, Tsoga A, Stephanou EG
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume36
Issue25
Pages4023 - 4035
KeywordsAliphatic hydrocarbons, Ambient concentrations, Gas-particle partitioning, PAHs, PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs, α,β-hopanes
Abstract

Air samples were collected at the urban center, a background site, and the adjacent coastal area of the metropolitan area of Athens during July 2000. Gas and particle phase concentrations of aliphatic hydrocarbons, α,β-hopanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were identified and measured. Total concentrations of aliphatic hydrocarbons, ranged between 943.0ngm-3 (urban site) and 947.1ngm-3 (coastal area) in the gas and from 141.8ngm-3 (coastal site) up to 469.0ngm-3 (urban center) in the particulate phase. The total concentration of α,β-hopanes (12 homologues) in the urban area was ca. 0.2ngm-3 in the gas and 1.0ngm-3 in the particulate phase. Total PAH concentrations (∑PAHs of 20 members) ranged from 3.5ngm-3 (background site) to 26.0ngm-3 (urban center) in the gas and from 1.3ngm-3 (coastal area) up to 5.0ngm-3 (urban center) in the particulate phase. The total concentration of PCBs (∑PCBs of 38 congeners) in the gas plus the particulate phase of the atmosphere ranged from 80.5pgm-3 (background site) up to 348.6pgm-3 (urban center) and the corresponding concentration of PCDD/Fs ranged from 166.6fgm-3 (background site) up to 701.5fgm-3 (urban center), respectively. Gas-particle partition coefficients Kp of n-alkanes, PAHs, PCBs and PCDD/Fs were well correlated (R2=0.50-0.99) with the sub-cooled liquid vapor pressure PLo. The average slopes mr of logKp versus log PLo for n-alkanes (-0.46) and PCBs (-0.44) were low compared to other urban areas. The corresponding mr values for PAHs (-0.57), PCDDs (-0.78) and PCDFs (-0.75) are comparable to those obtained in other urban areas. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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