Expression of Developmental-Stage-Specific Genes in the Gilthead Sea Bream Sparus aurata L

TitleExpression of Developmental-Stage-Specific Genes in the Gilthead Sea Bream Sparus aurata L
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFernández, CG, Roufidou C, Antonopoulou E, Sarropoulou E
JournalMarine Biotechnology
Volume15
Issue3
Pages313 - 320
KeywordsDevelopment, Gene expression, Isoforms, Maternal genes, Perciformes, Sparus aurata L.
Abstract

The mechanism of early fish development as well as the control of egg quality is of great importance for the ability of the oocyte to develop after fertilization. Embryonic development is initially regulated by maternally provided mRNAs and later by the zygotic genome. Maternal mRNAs have an important role in initiating processes crucial to patterning the developing fish embryo. Furthermore, it has been shown that maternal RNA plays an important role in egg quality. The identification and characterization of candidate maternal genes in non-model fish species with important aquaculture interest like the gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata L. is of importance for future studies related to egg quality. The broodstock of the gilthead sea bream produces large quantities of eggs with a high and non-controllable quality variation. In the present study, we have studied the gene expression of 16 genes (gapdh 1 and 2, cathepsin D, L, S and Z, erk1, jnk1, p38 alpha and p38 delta, ppar alpha, beta and gamma, tubulin beta, ferritin M, cyclinA2) of different functional categories in seven developmental stages. The 16 genes were chosen based on their putative involvement in egg quality and regulation of early development. In total, 11 showed a characteristic gene expression pattern pinpointing to the possible function as maternal genes and thus may function as molecular biomarker for egg quality. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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