The Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda, Bloch 1793) transcriptome and detection of differential expression during larvae development

TitleThe Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda, Bloch 1793) transcriptome and detection of differential expression during larvae development
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSarropoulou, E, Moghadam HK, Papandroulakis N, de la Gandara F, AO. G, Makridis P
JournalPLos One
Volumein proof
KeywordsAtlantic bonito, Development, Differential expression, Gene paralogues, Larval stages, Next generation sequencing, RNAseq, Transcriptomics
Abstract

The Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda, Bloch 1793) belongs to the important marine fish species with a wide geographical distribution covering the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean and its bordering seas. Aquaculture practices for this species are still in their infancies and scientific studies are seldom undertaken, mainly because of difficulties in sampling. Thus for small tuna species like the Atlantic bonito only little is known about its biology and regarding the molecular background even less information is available. In the production of marine fish it is known that the most critical period is the larval stages, as high growth rates as well as significant developmental changes take place. In this study we have investigated the transcriptome of the Atlantic bonito of five larvae stages applying Illumina sequencing technology. For non-model species like aquaculture species, transcriptome analysis of RNA samples from individuals using Illumina sequencing technology is technically efficient and cost effective. In the present study a total number of 169,326,711 paired-end reads with a read length of 100 base pairs were generated resulting in a reference transcriptome of 68,220 contigs with an average length of 2054 base pairs. For differential expression analyses single end reads were obtained from different developmental stages and mapped to the constructed reference transcriptome. Differential expression analyses revealed in total 18,657 differentially expressed transcripts and were assigned to five distinguished groups. Each of the five clusters shows stage specific gene expression. We present for the first time in the Atlantic bonito an extensive RNA-Seq based characterization of its transcriptome as well as significant information on differential expression among five developmental larvae stages. The generated transcripts, including SNP and microsatellite information for candidate molecular markers and gene expression information will be a valuable resource for future genetic and molecular studies.

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